What is a root canal, what are its causes and how is the procedure?

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The teeth, despite being quite resistant bones, are prone to damage by direct exposure with the different foods and drinks we eat daily. In many cases, it is necessary to undergo a root canal, therefore you should know what it is, its causes and procedure.

Caring for dental health is imperative, because It is in your mouth where the general well-being of your body starts, since it is this route that allows you to eat your daily food, necessary for the proper functioning of your vital organs.

What is an Endodontics

However, on many occasions it is something you take for granted and you don't pay enough attention until you start to feel discomfort and possibly the damage is already done.

That is when you go desperate to the dentist for solutions. For this reason, today we will talk about one of the most common dental procedures performed. In this way you will know what it is, what its causes are and how the procedure is.

What is a root canal and how is it done?

Inside the dental ducts is the dental pulp, which is responsible for giving sensitivity to denture and vigora dentin. Said pulp it consists of a vasculonervious set that goes from the beginning of the root and ends in the pulp chamber.

When these nerves become inflamed, for the reasons that we will explain later, it is necessary to intercede and perform a endodontics, which is the treatment where The dental nerve is completely removed, to clean the behavioral system, thus eliminating bacteria and dead tissue. In this way, the duct will be disinfected.

In this sense, with this procedure it is possible undo the infected tissue that surrounds the nerve and blood vessels that are lodged inside the tooth; said tissue will be replaced with an inert filling, so that eliminating the infection also minimizes the sensitivity of the tooth.

Causes of inflammation of the pulp or dental nerve

The main cause of inflammation of the pulp, are cavities, which demineralize the tissue of the teeth and therefore there is a partial loss of the dental structure, which leaves the nerve exposed and It will manifest with great sensitivity to temperatures and intense pain, which are clear symptoms of inflammation of the pulp.

On the other hand, fillings or large seals are other causes that generate pulp inflammation. What happens in this case, is that usually the dental pulp suffers an aggression and it instinctively retracts or necrusts, which it leads to an infection, which can also produce phlegmon and abscesses.

In any case, the dentist will perform a brief interrogation of the patient, followed by an oral examination that may be necessary to supplement with some radiographs. In this way you can give an accurate diagnosis, thus determining that the appropriate procedure is an endodontics.

Endodontics Procedure

The procedure starts with the placement of local anesthesia in the affected area and adjacencies; However, if there is necrosis, it may not be necessary, while if there is an infection, it will be imperative to treat it first and then perform the root canal.

Once the sedative is placed, the opening is made, where a hole is made in the crown of the tooth to access the pulp and extract it; In this step, caries should be eliminated if this was the cause of the nerve inflammation.

After the dental piece of the other organisms is isolated to make the conductometry or duct length measurement to implement it and proceed to clean and disinfect its walls, eliminating all the necrotic tissues that exist and the vasculonervious package.

Finally, it only remains to be sealed with an inert material, to seal the tooth and close the open duct, leaving it clean and calm.

It is important that after having undergone endodontics, take great care of your oral health habits, so that you prevent the appearance of cavities and other diseases that affect your well-being.


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