Parasites in cats. A sensitive issue of feline health that you may face sooner or later, especially if you act responsibly and obviously deworm your life partner.
Some may pose a risk of transmission to humans, others may even function as vectors of other parasites or serious diseases.
Before reading this article, I recommend that you choose a trusted veterinarian to advise you and help you when the time comes.
In this post I will briefly tell you about the types of parasites that exist, their most important characteristics and how to fight them.
I already advance to make it very clear that external and internal deworming is NECESSARY to prevent the dreaded infestations, and you should always follow the directions of the veterinarian.
There are different kinds of parasites in cats. The most widespread classification is according to its location: external and internal. They can affect cats of any age, whether or not they have access to the outside. Click to Tweet
They can pose a serious problem in newborn cats, which have been infected by their mother. In addition, being more vulnerable, it can affect your health status.
External parasites in cats
They are the ones that are on the animal and that you can see with the naked eye. Here the fleas stand out.
If your cat scratches a lot, it may be infested with these annoying inhabitants. They are insects that feed on the blood and to obtain it, they bite the cat.
In addition, this may be aggravated. if your pet is allergic to fleas and suffer from allergic dermatitis to flea bites or DAPP. In this case, you can see reddened areas, alopecia, and wounds especially in the lumbosacral area.
As you know, cats spend a lot of time on grooming, so fleas can be swallowed, so you may not see them. But if the cat does not groom itself very much or the infestation is severe, the most normal thing is that you see insects with a flat body and brown or black color. It is also usual that detect flea droppings, which look like black sand due to digested blood.
Fleas are one of the parasites in cats that easier to pass from one to another, and they can feed on other warm-blooded animals, including people.
If a large infestation occurs, it could cause anemia to vulnerable cats. They can even transmit infectious diseases such as bartonellosis or tapeworm. These are some of the reasons why you should protect your cat. Click to Tweet
Fleas fight by administering a dewormer product. Talk to your veterinarian to recommend the most appropriate, There are necklaces, pipettes, pills and even sprays.
If you face an occupation of this type of parasites, you will also have to disinfect the environment, since fleas lay eggs in soil hollows, beds, carpets … There are products that also inhibit the growth of laid eggs.
Ah! Do not forget that you yourself could carry an occasional flea, even if your cat does not leave the house, so keep that in mind.
These types of parasites in cats are less common.. They look like balls that can reach the size of a pea. Many times instead of the insect you can see a small lump in the area where it has been attached, since like fleas, they feed on blood.
The main difference is that lThe ticks remain attached to the cat's body. With great care, it is possible to remove them and in fact it is convenient to do so because they transmit diseases.
To fight ticks the same antiparasitic agents used to kill fleas are used. They have a preventive effect for a while (weeks or even months). A single application of this type of products will protect your cat for as long as the manufacturer indicates.
Another of the parasites that can affect cats are lice. A while ago I told you how to kill lice effectively, and usually harm young or sick cats.
There are also the cat mites, which can cause scabies or ear problems such as otitis, including fungus and parasitization of borer worms, which are installed in the wounds, causing myiasis.
Internal parasites in cats
As the name implies, they are not visible. They are installed inside your pet's body. These types of parasites in cats are in turn divided into those that are located in the gastrointestinal system, in the heart or in the lungs.
The most frequent are the intestinal parasitesYes, they are easily transmitted and can infect people. There are basically these types:
- Round worms or ascaris: Here stands out the Toxocara cati, which can affect humans, especially children, since the eggs of the worm are kept in the ground and can be ingested by the little ones. Cats can get infected from them in the same way, hunting or through their mother. If the infestation is not massive, it can go unnoticed, but if it is serious and affects newborns, your abdomen will be swollen, you will have vomiting and diarrhea. If the worms have reached the lungs, they could have respiratory problems.
- Flat worms or cestodes: The best known is tapeworm, a worm that can also affect humans. Fleas can transmit them if the cat swallows them, but also hunting. Usually, Cats that get flat worms have no symptoms. At most, you will notice a frequent lick in the area of the anus, due to the irritation caused by the release of feces accompanied by eggs. They are called rice grains, as it is what they look like in bowel movements.
- Hookworms: They can also affect people, since their larvae can penetrate the body through the skin. This is how cats get infected, in addition to the intake of their eggs if the cat licks contaminated surfaces. These parasites they are hooked to the intestinal wall to feed and cause hemorrhages, diarrhea or anemias, especially in younger cats. When the cat is an adult, you will perceive that he loses weight inexplicably.
There are more kinds of parasites in cats that affect internally. Are they coccidia and giardias, which cause diarrhea and decomposition, and are especially dangerous in small cats.
In general, antiparasitic products have a broad spectrum of action, but some will need a specific treatment. It is therefore essential that the veterinarian be the one who makes an appropriate diagnosis of the situation.
Apart from intestinal parasites, felines can ssuffer lung and heart infestations. The way to get it is by ingesting contaminated dams. It is not usual for them to eat snails or slugs. Larvae usually travel from the intestine to the lungs, where they can cause symptoms such as sneezing or cough.
Known as heart worms, are transmitted by mosquito bites. How they live in the heart and lung vessels can cause circulatory and respiratory problems. There are totally asymptomatic felines, who come to die suddenly. Hence, the importance of having this parasitosis controlled.
In another post, I will tell you how to deworm your cat and the importance of not forgetting this routine.
I want to remind you that this post is merely informative. I recommend that you go with your crawls to the veterinarian for professional advice. With the health of your pet, it is not played.
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