This is the key to surviving the era of automation – Rafael Medina | Professional management
As digital technologies and automation have advanced, they have
Increased fears about the future of workers. But the result
Final does not have to be negative. The
key is education.
robots are already taking care of a growing number of tasks
routine and repetitive, putting workers in some sectors under
Great pressure In South Korea, it has the highest density of robots
industrialists of the world, 631 per 10,000 workers, employment in the
Manufacturing industry is declining and youth unemployment is high. In
the United States, the greater use of robots has affected, according to a 2017 study,
to employment and wages.
While technological progress undoubtedly destroys jobs,
He also creates them. The invention of motor vehicles largely annulled
construction or operation of horse-drawn carriages,
but it generated millions more, not only in car factories, but also
in related sectors, such as road construction. Studies
recent indicate that the net effects of automation on employment,
achieved through upstream industry links and effects
secondary demand, have been positive.
The challenge in full automation
the challenge lies in the fact that the production and use of technologies each
more and more advanced require new skills, often of a high level, that do not
They can simply recover at work. Given this, countries must
ensure that all its residents have access to education programs and
high quality training that meets the needs of the market
labor. The outcome of the career between technology and education will determine if
the opportunities presented by the main innovations and
if the benefits of progress are widely shared.
Many countries, technology has taken the initiative. The recent increase in
income inequality in China and other East Asian economies, due to
example, reflects the widening gap between those who can adopt
advanced technologies and who doesn't. But the mismatches between education and
work affects economies around the world, partly because education
formal does not produce graduates with relevant technical skills and competencies
for the labor market.
a report of the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), 66% of executives
respondents were not satisfied with the skill level of the employees
young people, and 52% said a skills gap was an obstacle for the
Performance of your company. Meanwhile, according to an OECD survey, the
21% of workers reported feeling over-educated for their jobs.
Do we learn what is necessary?
suggests that formal education teaches workers things
wrong, and that deep reform is essential to facilitate development
of digital knowledge and technical skills, as well as skills
cognitive and non-cognitive (or "soft") non-routine. This includes
the "four C of learning
twenty first century"(critical thinking, creativity, collaboration and
communication), areas where humans retain a considerable advantage over
artificially intelligent machines.
process must begin during primary education, because only with a base
solid people can take full advantage of education and training
later. And in the economy of the future, that training will never end
Really. Given the rapid technological progress, better ones will be needed
opportunities for effective lifelong learning that allows
Workers continually update their skills or learn new ones.
At all levels of education, curricula should be more
flexible and receptive to changing technologies and market demands.
Possible barrier to this approach is the shortage of well-trained teachers.
In sub-Saharan African countries, for example, there are about 44 students
for each qualified high school teacher, on average; for the
Elementary schools, the ratio is even worse, from 58 to one. The construction of
a quality teaching force will require monetary and non-monetary incentives
for teachers and a greater investment in their professional development.
It includes ensuring that teachers have the tools they need
to take full advantage of information and communication technologies
(ICT), which are not widely used, despite their potential to guarantee
broad access to lifelong learning through formal channels and
informal. According to the EIU report, only 28% of students in
High school respondents said their school actively used ICT in
ICT can also help address the shortage of qualified teachers and others
educational resources by providing access over long distances, to
through online learning platforms. For example, the OpenCourseWare
from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology allows students from all over
The world reach some of the world's leading teachers.
We must cooperate
It points to the broader value of international cooperation. Educational challenges
raised by the advancement of technologies affect everyone, so the
countries must work together to address them, even through exchange
of students and teachers, and the construction and improvement of the infrastructure of
efforts to reinforce education should emphasize accessibility,
so those who are starting with a weaker educational background
or with lower qualification levels can compete in the changing market
labor. Well designed social safety nets will also be needed and
comprehensive, including, for example, unemployment insurance and
public health, to protect vulnerable workers amid changes
artificial intelligence revolution will be enormously harmful, but not
It will make humans obsolete. With renewed educational systems,
we can ensure that technological progress makes all our lives be
more hopeful, satisfying and prosperous.
This is the key to surviving the era of automation
Reviewed by Rafael Medina