Summer is a vacation time for many people, but it certainly isn't for insects, in fact, It is during this time when summer pests are most active and we can't relax in the least.
We will talk about ten most important summer pests, but to get an idea of the problem they can mean, let's see a partial list:
Mosquitoes, wasps, aphids, whiteflies, snails and slugs, mealybugs of all kinds, miners, caterpillars (also of all kinds) such as the geranium drill or tomato worm, mites such as the red spider, lobsters, various types of beetles like japanese or flea beetle, among many others.
As you can see, there may be a lot of work ahead to control all these pests, and that I have not mentioned here fungal diseases !!! And this applies to whether you have a flower garden or if you grow your own garden.
If your garden is already crammed with summer pests, it may be a good idea to hire a professional.
It is a company with vast experience in the control and treatment of this type of pests through one of its departments of Environmental Health.
The truth is that they are very responsible and do their job well, so it does not hurt to contact them if you can not only with these types of problems.
TOP 10 MOST ACTIVE SUMMER PESTS
# 1 – Aphids, one of the main summer pests
These tiny creatures have long antennae and two tubes that protrude back from their abdomen. They are usually found in most fruits and vegetables, new shoots, flowers, ornamental plants and shade trees.
Aphids suck plant sap, causing the foliage to distort and the leaves to fall out; Molasses excreted in the leaves favors the growth of fungi the spread of viral diseases.
To control these bugs, we can use an insecticide based on soapy water, neem oil, a strong water jet, or beneficial insects.
# 2 – Grasshopper or Lobster
Dressed in green and brown tones, these well-known jumpers have large, sharp jaws that can do quick work with garden plants when a large number of them are present. These insects are not delicate, they eat both weeds and ornamental crops. Grasshoppers feed during the day, chewing leaves and stems.
The natural predators They include toads, skunks, coyotes and hornets.
Some signs that may indicate the presence of lobsters are irregular edges on the leaves or with semicircular holes along the edges; chewed areas develop brown borders.
Above all, in times of drought, when weeds are scarce, grasshoppers or lobsters They are one of the most serious summer pests.
# 3 – Whiteflies
These tiny flying insects are related to aphids and feed by sucking plant sap. Adult specimens fly while immature individuals feed on the bottom of the leaves.
The whitefly reproduces quickly once the summer heat arrives and can be a annoying plague and difficult to eradicate. Drought stress intensifies infections.
Some other signs of the presence of whitefly are the curly, stunted, dotted or wrinkled leaves; feeding these insects produces molasses, a sticky substance that causes black mold and attracts ants.
Among the target plants, we can mention the ones that attack most frequently, such as Coleus, Fuchsia, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, grapes, citrus fruits and plants from the pumpkin family.
# 4 – mealybugs
There are two types of mealybugs: armored and soft. Both form colored bumps on the stems, leaves and fruits of plants.
They also feed by sucking the sap of plants and produce molasses. An infected tree can produce large amounts of molasses that falls and covers the objects underneath with a sticky film that attracts ants, flies, wasps and bees.
In most cases, Fumigation is NOT recommended to control most soft mealybugs because beneficial insects help control these summer pests.
Other signs of the presence of mealybugs (in addition to seeing them) is that plants may appear to be stressed due to lack of water; the leaves turn yellow and fallen and the bark of the trees can crack.
Armored or armored mealybug It has a hard outer shell and can kill even trees if left unchecked.
Among the target plants we find citrus, palm trees, roses, currants, grapes and shade trees.
# 5 – Red spider, another summer plague
These little mites that they live under the "skin" of the leaves, sucking the sap, mainly cause the foliage loss. They are most commonly found in apple trees, azaleas and camellias.
Some signs that identify them is a kind of dust on the bottom of the leaves and yellow spots. In order to see them, you will need a magnifying glass.
One of its best natural predators are ladybugs. Another way to control them by increasing the humidity of garden areas.
# 6 – Snails and Slugs
Without a doubt They are the biggest headache of any gardener.
They feed at night, but we can be sure that there are snails and slugs when we see the foliage of our plants nibbled and find long paths of "drool" both in the ground and in the plants.
We can use beer baits to remove them or wood ashes to keep them away from plants.
# 7 – Mosquitoes
While they don't destroy our plants They are a real nuisance summer feature, which, in addition, can transmit diseases deadly
While it is difficult to eradicate them completely, we can prevent them from reproducing by taking some precautions such as, for example, avoid any accumulation of standing water and plant specimens of citronella, basil, marigold, mint or lavender, which will help keep them a little further.
# 8 – Wasps like summer pests
Honestly, wasps more than a plague they are beneficial individuals that help us eliminate other summer pests, since they feed on flies, worms and caterpillars.
Anyway, its sting in humans is quite painful and can be dangerous if we are allergic.
Wasp nests should not be disturbed unless they are clearly a danger to humans. If it is really necessary to remove a nest, it is advisable consult a pest control operator Licensed that is properly equipped to treat nest removal in a safe and effective manner.
# 9 – Japanese beetle
It is a blue / green / tan metallic looking beetle that can completely defoliate half of your garden. He loves roses!
You can shake them from the plant, early in the morning and remove them, spray them with insecticidal soap and use bait traps.
Look for this plague as soon as summer begins, because they can cause a lot of damage and very quickly. Japanese beetles are also normally responsible for grass worms that turn it brown in the middle of the season.
# 10 – Caterpillars
There are many different species of caterpillars, but they all do the same damage … chewed leaves and flowers, appear as one of the summer pests, especially if there has been a lot of rain.
The beginning of the plague of the caterpillar, usually comes given by some eggs (placed by the female in adult status) on the underside of the leaves, especially those of the lowest part of the plant, the closest to the ground. As soon as the egg hatches, the first samples of the pest appear.
One of the best control methods is to spray the plants with Bt. (Bt is a biological control, basically a bacterium that mixes with water) With this remedy what is achieved is that the caterpillar feeds on this bacterium, which dies in a few days.
And the list could go on tirelessly as there are many summer pests, since it is the time when they usually feed or reproduce.