The philosopher, jurist, historian and political scientist Max Weber can be considered as the great synthesizer and classifier of sociological themes, but it should be noted that his sociology of culture has become blurred before the enormous plurality of areas of study that the German sociologist initiated .
Precisely the sociology of culture has to be understood as the multidisciplinary laboratory where not only the methodology of the "ideal types" is going to be verified, but also, as the guarantee of the effectiveness that the meaningful understanding has.
To understand Weber's work, one must necessarily refer to his analysis of cultural processes understood as value systems. Against the Durkheim methodology, Weber rethinks the issue of significance as interpretation. Between the social actor and the context there is a process of interpretive mediation that is the very core of the so-called human and social sciences.
As we know, Weber reviews the system of meaningful relationships by understanding the social world not as a relation of objects but as a relation of interpretations. And in such a relationship the science of culture and cultural history will occupy a preferential place.
We can verify this by observing the emerging popular culture of Peru, where we have the phenomenon of Chicha culture, for example, where the role of sociology of culture is clearly appreciated, specifically in popular music.
In the contemporary world, music is available through the Internet and through download and playback devices, which allow the listener to travel through time and through all styles, performers and musical periods. Hence the notion of center has been lost. Music works as a path to divinity: God is not for men but men are for God.
One of Weber's approaches necessarily refers to his analysis of cultural processes understood as value systems, rethinking the issue of significance as interpretation. In our country, where 47 languages are spoken, the challenge is enormous to find us as a nation in the great "country of all bloods."