The President of the Republic, Iván Duque Márquez, launched on Wednesday the National Strategy for Electric and Sustainable Mobility, with the purpose of improving the quality of the air that Colombians breathe, through the reduction of pollutant emissions and the promotion of use of electric vehicles.
"We will have a cleaner, friendlier and more in line with what we want for our cities," said the President during the launch of the strategy, held at the Simón Bolívar Metropolitan Park in Bogotá.
With this strategy, health effects on the population will be reduced and a fundamental step will be taken in the transformation towards a more modern country, which bets on the use of more efficient fuels and sustainable mobility.
The initiative also contemplates the necessary actions to accelerate the transition to electric mobility, with the goal of incorporating 600,000 electric vehicles by 2030.
Likewise, the definition of a regulatory framework that ensures the promotion of electric mobility in the country, and the review and generation of economic and market mechanisms necessary for this.
Recently, the President passed Law 1964, which promotes the use of electric vehicles in the country, an initiative that was promoted by the Head of State when he was a congressman, and that puts Colombia in line with the countries that are moving towards a car park More efficient and clean.
This ambitious commitment, led by the ministries of Transportation, Mines and Energy, Environment and Housing, has the goal of achieving by 2035 that 100% of public vehicles purchased for Mass Transportation Systems be electric or with zero polluting emissions.
Benefits for citizenship
One of the benefits that the Law brings is that the tax on motor vehicles will be paid on 1 percent of the total commercial value of the electric car.
This differential rate is below what is stipulated, to the extent that Law 488 of 1998 establishes that the fuel vehicle tax is determined on the basis of its commercial value, as follows: up to $ 20,000,000, 1.5% ; more than $ 20,000,000 and up to $ 45,000,000, 2.5%, and more than $ 45,000,000, 3.5%.
In terms of technical-mechanical review, the Law establishes that the Ministry of Transportation, in a term of 6 months, will regulate the guidelines for this requirement and determine the discount it will have to comply with this requirement.
Likewise, it determines that there will be a 10% discount on the premiums of the Obligatory Traffic Accident Insurance (Soat); In addition, it authorizes territorial entities to develop, promote and offer incentive schemes such as discounts on vehicle registration or tax, differential parking fees or even tax exemptions.
Another benefit granted by the standard for electric vehicles is that they will not have any type of traffic restriction, such as the Peak and License Plate and the Day without a Car, nor of an environmental type, among many others.
• At least 10% of the vehicles purchased must be electric or zero emission, from 2025.
• The goal is that 100% of the vehicles purchased to replace or increase the transport capacity are electric or zero emissions from 2035.
• Companies that import electric or hybrid vehicles must guarantee the amount of auto parts and spare parts for vehicles with these characteristics.
Air quality strategy
Within this framework, the Government also presented the Nacional National Air Quality Strategy ’, which prioritizes actions focused on reducing pollutant emissions generated by motor vehicles and productive and service activities.
This strategy points to the goal of the National Development Plan 2018-2022, which seeks to ensure that more air quality monitoring stations comply with the strictest standard of the World Health Organization.
That means going from 22% to 35% of stations with that level of compliance. In this sense, Ideam recorded an improvement in air quality nationwide.
In its most recent report on air quality in the country, it reported that, during 2018, 93.8% of the monitoring stations complied with the air quality standard compared to 86.5% in 2017.