most common causes and symptoms

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Yes the leg pain It is one of the most common ailments being in many cases its main cause of fatigue and accumulated muscle tension after a significant physical effort, when this sensation of pain and heaviness of legs It may be due, among other causes, to blood circulation problems such as Chronic Venous Disease (CVD).

Pain in the legs, when it is intense or persistent, may indicate the existence of vascular problems serious that in case of aggravation may require medical intervention ..

For this reason, it is important to know the main symptoms of leg pain to know if it is necessary to seek medical treatment.

Fortunately, in many cases this pain can be relieved by taking the medicine for leg pain suitable. But for that, you have to know the main causes of leg pain.

What causes leg pain?

Undoubtedly, trauma is the most common cause of pain in the legs either due to falls, direct blows or minor traumatic injuries to muscles, tendons and joints of the leg. Often, leg pain is due to a combination of all three.

However, there are many other causes of leg pain whose origin is not trauma or injury.

If you often notice tired legs, as heavy and painful, you should not worry because this pain does not necessarily mean that it is due to a systemic disease, that is, a pathology that affects the entire body.

Main causes of leg pain

Chronic Venous Disease (EVC)

In many cases, pain in one leg, or both, may be due to the Chronic Venous Disease (EVC), a medical condition that affects 60% of the adult population caused by the decrease in the supply of arterial blood to the leg due to narrowing of the arteries.

In these cases, the pain usually appears after performing a physical activity such as walking as this requires the need to provide more oxygen to the muscles but if the arteries have narrowed and cannot meet that need, causing pain in the muscles of the legs .

The blood supply can decrease to the point that the pain appears even when you remain at rest, without the need for any physical exercise.

Blood vessels can narrow at any level, from the aorta (the large blood vessel that leaves the heart) to any of the branched arteries. Depending on the level of narrowing and the affected muscles, the areas in which the pain is experienced can be very diverse.

Chronic Venous Disease (EVC) can also compromise the health of our skin, favoring the development of infections and making it difficult to heal wounds such as lacerations or abrasions.

Therefore, if you feel heaviness, fatigue, leg pain or notice that your leg joints such as ankles swell, do not hesitate and go to a specialist since the origin of this pain may be due to vascular problems such as Venous Disease Chronicle (EVC).

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis is another abnormality of blood vessels that may be responsible for leg pain. It occurs when, long periods of inactivity a blood clot forms in a deep vein. It usually affects a leg and can cause it to acquire a bluish tone. The onset of pain is also gradual.

If you experience these symptoms it is very important that you seek medical attention as the clot could spread to another part of the body, causing, for example, a blockage of blood flow to the lungs, which is known as pulmonary embolism.

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder in the peripheral motor, autonomic and sensory nerves that connect our spinal cord to our internal organs, muscles and skin. It usually causes numbness, tingling or feeling of heaviness in the extremities.

Its origin may be due to an infection, exposure to toxins or alcoholism. Although the most frequent cause is diabetes. Sometimes, pre-diabetics may also experience these symptoms.

Electrolyte imbalance

To have healthy muscles, healthy nerves are necessary. And for this there must be a good balance of electrolytes.

The electrolytes are minerals (potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium …) and other liquids present in the bloodstream that contain an electric charge. These emit signals that support nerve, heart and muscle function. They even determine how much water the body retains.

An electrolyte imbalance can manifest as pain in the legs.

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal canal narrows slowly, putting pressure on the nerves in it.

The narrowing in the spine It is usually caused by a spinal injury, arthritis or scoliosis. These irritated nerves can connect to the largest nerves in the body such as the sciatic nerve. Problems in this nerve can cause pain in the legs.

These are some of the non-traumatic causes that can cause leg pain. Luckily, many cases of pain can be resolved with proper treatment, without the need for surgical intervention.

Leg pain can have very different causes, and symptoms (cramps, swelling, heaviness, tingling …) often overlap. But if they persist, worsen or hinder your life, the person you should consult is a doctor. No one better than him to advise you on the most appropriate medication or treatment to reduce swelling and leg pain.

Although, remember that a active way of life, exercising moderately on a regular basis, not smoking and controlling blood sugar levels, blood pressure, cholesterol and lipids will also be of great help.


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