Cholesterol is a substance that is found naturally in the body. Contrary to what many people think, it plays a very important role in essential functions such as the formation of certain types of hormones, among others. Although cholesterol is necessary, if its levels are above what is recommended, there is what is known as hypercholesterolemia. A disease that is a very important risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. In this case, it is essential to follow a diet to reduce cholesterol.
When the doctor diagnoses that a patient suffers from hypercholesterolemia, one of the first indications is to change the diet. The foods that are most effective in lowering cholesterol levels in the blood are those rich in peptin and soluble fiber since they favor the elimination of this substance in the faeces.
Essential foods in the diet to reduce cholesterol
Avocado is one of the healthiest foods that exist. In case of hypercholesterolemia, it greatly favors the decrease in blood cholesterol levels thanks to its high fiber content. In addition, avocado is a fruit very rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, so it helps reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol.
Legumes are a type of food with a high fiber content. Thus, they reduce the LDL (bad) cholesterol and increase the levels of HDL (good), taking care of the health of the heart. Among all the legumes that exist, it is soy that most decreases cholesterol levels.
Nuts, such as nuts or pistachios, reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol. In addition to caring for cardiovascular health, they favor mental agility and the ability to concentrate, which is why they are a highly recommended type of food. However, nuts have a high caloric intake, so it is convenient to take them in moderation.
Green leafy vegetables
Green leafy vegetables are a type of food that can not be lacking in any diet, and even more if the person suffers from high cholesterol. These vegetables, such as spinach, favor the elimination of cholesterol in the stool. They are rich in sterols and stanols, two substances that help the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine is lower.
When choosing foods to reduce cholesterol levels in the body there are a number of aspects that are important to know. On the one hand, foods must have a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. On the other hand, they have to be a rich source of stanols and sterols, plant compounds that decrease the intestinal absorption of cholesterol. And finally, the content of anthocyanins is very important to reduce the production of cholesterol in the body.
While it is true that there is no food that has all these qualities, there are many who have some of them. And those are precisely what you should consume.