Dalí and Lorca, Lorca and Dalí, one considered one of the greatest surrealist painters, the other the great Spanish poet of his time. Two intellectuals, or, rather, two artists to whom he joined a great friendship, and perhaps something else … Not only for friendship, presumably, Dalí wrote to the poet, in the summer of 1928, the following words: "You are a Christian storm and you need my paganism (…) I will go looking for you to make you a sea cure. It will be winter and we will light a fire. The poor beasts will be terrified. You will remember that you are the inventor of wonderful things and we will live together with a portrait machine ».
It is difficult to think that after these words something else was not hidden, less if we know, for example, that for Gala Éluard, the painter's wife. Lorca was a forbidden subject at home, almost blasphemy. Assumptions there are many, certainties, however, few. It is known, however, that after the death of Federico García Lorca, in 1936, his figure began to appear within the works of Salvador Dalí. Once again, Lorca and Dalí, Dalí and Lorca. In Supercurioso, we tell you all about your passionate relationship.
Dalí and Lorca, the eroticism of a relationship between artists
It is known, for example, that the relationship between Dalí and Lorca began there in 1923, with a Lorca halfway through his twenties and a Dalí not so long ago going through puberty, with 19 years and a whole future ahead. At first, both were pure friendship, and, in many moments, flashes of admiration that the painter felt towards the poet. However, what began as something quite innocent, was climbing with unexpected ardor.
It was a relationship that was full of intellectuality, but also of a certain fleeting eroticism, and sometimes not so fleeting, that was lit in the painter's pen to end up in the hands of the poet. So much so that he inspired the journalist Víctor Fernández to publish a work with the missives that both were sent, texts that must be read carefully to glimpse, in the nakedness of the words, the passion of the artists.
They met in Madrid, at the Student Residence, and there Lorca discovered a Dalí who showed no interest in women, which gave wings to the poet, who would be excited day and night thinking about the painter, between dreams and sleeplessness. However, it would not take so long for him to understand that this rejection of sexuality was, indeed, fear, a deep fear that Dalí felt towards impotence and venereal diseases. Lorca would not give up so easily.
Their friendship, full of letters with paragraphs as intense as the one we showed at the beginning, would extend for 13 years, until 1936, and it would be, as Dalí defined it later, "An erotic and tragic love, for the fact of not being able to share it".
1. An unconsumed love
It would be a love that, however, would remain only in words, in sad verses, in odes, in sad brushstrokes, at most, tarnished with memory. Despite Lorca's insistence, that friendship, that erotic and tragic love, would never get to bed, and would end in 1936, two years before the death of Lorca, with the distancing of the two artists.
Years later, Dalí would describe the breakup as follows: “Federico, as everyone knows, was very much in love with me, and tried to hit me in the ass twice, but since I'm not a fag and it hurt me terribly, I canceled it right away and stayed in a purely platonic thing and in admiration. ” Strong words, and what they are forcefully distant with those missives that were sent, currently compiled in the book Dear Salvador, Dear Lorquito.
2. The death of Frederick
Federico García Lorca died at dawn on August 18, 1938, after two years of distancing himself from his friend and dearest Dalí. He was shot next to an olive tree on the road between the towns of Víznar and Alfacar, in the middle of a political conflict in which he was involved. The news reached Dalí like a lunge in the stomach. After all, it had been Lorca who had dedicated, among many others, the following verses:
A rose in the high garden that you want.
A wheel in the pure syntax of steel.
Undress the mountain of impressionist fog.
The grays touching their last balustrades.
After all, that had also been his love, one way or another, Your curiosity, your forbidden fruit.
3. Works that unite them
Very well known is, for example, the Ode to Salvador Dalí that the poet had composed, and that Dalí came to appreciate in life. Zenith, one of Dalí's most important paintings, was made by the painter in 1927, during the summer holidays that Dalí and Lorca spent together in Cadaqués. He finished this painting by dedicating his great friend.
However, the great heyday of Lorca in Dalí felt it, precisely, after the murder of the poet. Since then, Lorca's figure began to appear in his paintings, perhaps as an ode to memory, to the times together that had become extinct and would no longer return, perhaps as something else.
It was, without a doubt, a complicated relationship, which gave what to talk for a long time, and that still today still seems somewhat confusing and impervious. Between Dalí and Lorca, if there was anything, they would know: we had their missives, and doubts.