If you take a look at the music history, you may be surprised to see that in the lists of distinguished musicians, There is virtually no woman. For centuries, dedicating life to music was something only men did. In Supercuriso we saw the case of Mozart's sister, Maria Anna, who apparently was a composer and performer of an exceptional category, but who abandoned music to get married, start a family and integrate into society. María Anna Mozart could not be a musician and lead a normal life in the 18th century. In the nineteenth century, the mentality about women had progressed somewhat, although it was slowly. Thanks to that, we can meet who was Clara Schumann and some of her compositions. Join us at Supercurioso to get to know the Life and curiosities of a music prodigy.
In 2019 has celebrated the bicentenary of the birth of Clara Wieck Schumann, a forgotten artist who, however, was one of the great composers of the romantic period in Germany.
Clara Schumann: life and curiosities of a forgotten prodigy
Clara Schumann joined her musical understanding and his ability a privileged musical training thanks to the environment in which he grew up. All this allowed him, in addition to playing, to compose during his youth. However, the reigning misogyny during the nineteenth century made her doubt her abilities as a musician because she was a woman. In his diary he wrote a word that exposes these unfortunate circumstances: «I had once thought I had creative talent, but I dismissed the idea; A woman cannot wish to compose, no woman has ever been able to do so. Why should I be the first?
Brief biography of Clara Schumann
Clara Josephine Wieck, born in Leipzig on September 13, 1819, in the bosom of a family that had made music their livelihood. Mother, Mariane Tromlitz Wieck, she was an admired concertist and her father, Friedrich Wieck, a famous musical pedagogue. Her mother, Mariane, an independent woman who could live on her music, abandoned her father and, according to the laws of Saxony, had to leave her children with her husband. Clara only lived with her mother until she was 5 years old. Her father subjected her to a comprehensive music learning program and with his innate talent, at 8 he already gave concerts and at 9 he made his first solo performance. He continued to triumph in halls throughout Europe. When i was 21 he married musician Robert Schumann whom he met when he was 8. The father objected and the couple took him to the courts that gave the marriage as valid.
Although her artistic career was consolidated before getting married thanks to her tours, the birth of her 8 children and the deteriorated health of her husband, composer Robert Schumann they limited her career and made her leave the composition. On her tours, she played fundamentally works of her husband and it was partly thanks to her that Schumann was known worldwide. Before the death of her husband, in 1854, she began a long and deep friendship with another musician, Johannes Brahms. In 1890 he retired from teaching as well as from the stage due to his delicate state of health. He died in May 1896.
Clara Schumann composed throughout her life 66 pieces. Among them 20 solo for piano, 4 works for piano and orchestra and 29 songs. She was a highly respected concert performer who did recitals for numerous countries and a great teacher who taught both at home and at the Frankfurt Conservatory from 1872 to 1892, among others. His compositions are considered to be very close in lyricism to those of Chopin.
Curiosities of Clara Schumann
- Clara Schumann is considered an example of Einstein's syndrome. This syndrome defines very intelligent children, however, it took a long time to speak.
- She was considered a "prodigy girl" after the European tour she did in 1835.
- She was one of the first pianists in touch most memory pieces. He did it because that way he felt more the music he played.
- Clara had a great sadness inside her. In addition to the death of her husband, many years before her, too He had to live the death of four of his eight children.
- After 36 years he stopped composing.
- For almost two years she was forbidden to visit her husband who was admitted to a sanatorium in Endenich due to depression problems. These ended up leading him to suicide in 1854.
- For his interpretive technical skills, considered unique, he received the name of «European Queen of the Piano».
- Clara Schumann was married to Robert 14 years. During this time she was pregnant 10 times and had 8 children and despite that she continued to act. In that period he gave 139 public concerts in various countries.
In addition to Who was Clara Schumann
If you liked delving into who was Clara Schumann, her vital trajectory and her performance as a woman in an almost exclusively masculine world, we want to make a few recommendations that may also be interesting to you:
Our entry on Clara Schumann has come to an end, we hope you have been interested and share your impressions with us. Did you know who Clara Schumann was? Do you know of other women who will succeed in the world of music in past centuries? If you have more information or reflections on the life and curiosities of Clara Schumann, do not forget to share it with us. We will be happy to read you.