It is known as calendula to the two varieties of this plant, Calendula officinalis Y Calendula arvensis, both herbs belonging to the Asteraceae family, whose properties they share but differ very subtly by the shape and size of their flower.
To Calendula officinalis, It is known as marigold, gold button, market or wonder, and to the floor Calendula arvensis as wild wonder or wild marigold.
Both plants, whose flowers with a color halfway between yellow and orange close at night and open during the day, are known above all for their healing and restorative properties.
Among the properties of calendula, the healing, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties stand out, but they are not the only ones.
This is due to the active ingredients that it contains as calandin, responsible for its bitterness. It has a high content of carotenoids, the antioxidants that help our body in the production of Vitamin A, very important for the health of our skin.
Stomach problems. Some problems of irritability in the walls of the stomach such as ulcers and gastritis, inflammation in the mouth of the stomach, can be treated with calendula, whose anti-inflammatory and healing properties help to improve symptoms and in the medium term to a general improvement.
Other ailments such as gastroenteritis, which is inflammation of the stomach accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, can also be treated.
Calendula for the skin. Probably one of the most common uses of calendula is due to its healing, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties for the skin. There are many uses that can be given to this plant both directly, in infusion for external rinses, as in oil, essential oil, cream or soap.
The skin ailments that are usually treated with calendula are irritations, such as those of the baby's diaper whose calendula creams are very effective, wounds, ulcers, burns, boils and acne, atopic dermatitis or eczema, etc. It is also a plant with anti-rheumatic properties.
One of its components of the calendula flower is salicylic acid, which helps remove corns, hardness, roughness and warts from the skin.
Formats in which the calendula is found
Although calendula oil is the way this flower is most likely to be used, it is also easily found in creams, soaps and infusion.
Both oil and cream can be found in commercial, industrial or semi-industrial production format, as it is also possible to create them.
If you want to know more about the uses and properties of calendula essential oil, see our article.
Homemade Marigold Cream
In this video you will see how the marigold cream or ointment is prepared by hand and homemade:
Calendula infusion and how to prepare it
For internal use the only way we can ingest the calendula is through infusion.
There are many uses of this infusion, but for example, for the rule or menstrual period, as we said before the way to be effective is to prepare and start consuming from One week before of it and once a day. The proportions are one tablespoon per glass of water. It is very effective mixed with sagebrush or sage.
For the Stomach problems, like gastritis and ulcers, the proportion is the same, one tablespoon per glass of water, but we'll take it twice perday After the main meals.
Homemade Marigold Oil
To prepare the homemade marigold oil we are going to macerate for 9 days and without direct light 2 level tablespoons of flower petals of the plant with ¼ liter of almond oil.
You should put the leaves first, in the glass container (it can be a jar, a glass or a bottle) and then add the oil. It is very important not to cover during this process with a metal or plastic lid, but better with cork, wood or cloth.
Plant at home and care of the marigold
If your idea is to sow and grow the marigold flower in your home, garden or vegetable garden and thus be able to use its flowers for medicinal use, you should know that this plant is annual and is grown in spring and summer, although it is best to plant the marigold during the last winter week.
An important thing about calendula care is that it should be exposed to the sun, but nothing happens if the area where the plant is a bit shady or has no constant sun. Of course, it tolerates sunlight a lot and the longer it is exposed to the star, the better it will look.
You can plant it directly in a pot, on the ground or in a seedbed to transplant it when the stem starts to come out and has a measure of about four or five centimeters. That is, about a week or 10 days after planting it.
A good idea is to plant it around the garden or garden, if it is directly in the ground, or if it is in pots, place it near other plants, since the marigold repels many insects.
It can measure about 60 or 70 centimeters, and it is recommended in the garden or orchard that between each plant there is a distance of about 40 centimeters.
An important thing for the care of calendula, is that although it is a plant that likes the sun a lot, it can tolerate the cold, but it needs a good drainage in the ground.
Excess water in the ground can kill the plant. We recommend a mixture of soil and sand. It will depend on how clay the earth is. This will prevent the concentration of water and facilitate oxygenation of the roots.